Instant Court Case Lookup

The following is for information purposes only


What Is a Lawsuit

People involved in a conflict frequently rush to file a civil lawsuit. Courts resolve disagreements by conversation and compromise in various situations, including vehicle accidents and injuries, family troubles, and money disputes. According to the state court, there isn't always a legal cause of action in a disagreement.

It's vital to remember that civil lawsuits involve financial compensation, which may or may not resolve the underlying conflict. Suit filing fees, attorney's fees, court fees, and the time it takes to prepare and attend court are expenses deducted from the money you win.

An individual or company instigates a lawsuit against another in a civil case. Filing a lawsuit is a civil action brought by a plaintiff demanding a legal or equitable remedy from a federal judge.

A lawsuit aims to make the party who's at fault pay. This party is usually responsible for an injury or damages caused to the plaintiff. Lawsuits are filed in federal courts, district courts, courts of appeal, and supreme courts.

What Are the Different Types of Lawsuits?

There are many different reasons for filing these proceedings. Below are the most common types, according to the justice department:

  • Car accident lawsuits - Also considered personal injury cases. This is one of the most popular lawsuits filed as it often leads to healthcare bills and car repair costs. Victims should consult car accident lawyers from a reputable law firm when accidents occur since they have experience and expertise. They interview witnesses and negotiate directly with insurance companies.
  • Workers' compensation - As every employee has a right to a safe work environment, getting an injury on the job requires a payout. Accidents can include slips and falls, exposure to chemicals, and other damages. The affected worker can claim medical bills, paid time off, and for their employment to continue. An injured employee can also negotiate a  settlement agreement.
  • Slip and fall lawsuits - Regarding a slip and fall lawsuit, it's crucial to determine who was negligent in their responsibility, be it the property manager or the owner. Negligence means failure to warn people of possible danger or assure that there are no risks to the public. A lawyer specializing in this type of suit will ensure that whoever is liable will compensate you adequately.
  • Product liability lawsuits - This is where someone files a lawsuit against a specific company or entity regarding a defective product. This usually happens when the defective product is the direct cause of serious personal injuries. Product liability lawyers will make the process easier, efficient and get you the proper compensation.
  • Drug recall lawsuits - This is a claim against any pharmaceutical company that has its products called back by the Food and Drug Administration or other relevant government body. If a medication causes harmful side effects, one could file a lawsuit against the company that created the drug. One would require a lawyer with the experience, expertise, and resources to compete against large pharmaceutical companies. An example: the case against Purdue Pharma, an OxyContin maker owned by the Sackler family over the opioid epidemic.
  • Class-action lawsuits are legal proceedings where one or several plaintiffs sue a person or organization on behalf of a larger group. An example is the class action against McDonald's, which alleged that the company operated a work system that denied staff their right to paid breaks.
  • Medical malpractice lawsuits - This lawsuit is filed when someone suffers injury or becomes sick due to the negligence of a medical practitioner. The plaintiff must prove that the injury led to specific damages and injuries. These include physical pain, mental or emotional pain, medical bills, or loss of financial security. It will be difficult to win such a case without an experienced malpractice lawyer.
  • Government lawsuits - In these lawsuits, the U.S. government, through the attorney general, brings forth a case against an individual, organization, or entity in a court of law.
  • Dog bite lawsuits - More than 4.5 million dog bite incidents occur throughout the U.S., and a third of that requires some form of medical attention. An experienced dog bite lawyer can be an excellent mitigator of the tension that could arise and could settle the case in a way that benefits all parties involved.
  • Wrongful termination lawsuit - A wrongful termination lawsuit is when an employee sues their employer for illegally terminating their work contract. As many laws vary from state to state, there are broad examples of what classifies as wrongful termination. An employee whose employer wrongfully fires them has a legal right to sue for damages. This includes benefits and lost pay.

What To Consider Before Filing a Lawsuit?

Is there a solid case?

It's essential to have a solid case with sound legal arguments. Having a genuine legal claim or "cause of action" is the only way to succeed in court.

Has there been a final demand in connection with the pursuit?

It's better to resolve the matter out of court. This helps bypass court and lawyer fees.

Can a compromise settle the dispute?

It's crucial to weigh the costs of lawyer fees, and it's often more beneficial to both parties to agree on a compensation amount out of court.

Can a collection of judgments happen after a win?

Will the party be able to pay the penalties against them, and is it worth suing if they don't have the means to compensate?

Is there money to pay for a lawyer?

Before individuals pursue a  matter, they should query lawyer fees. It might be a better option to settle the case out of court.

Are there time and resources available to devote to a lawsuit?

A lawsuit takes a lot of time, emotional data, and energy from any individual. It's important to consider if the suit itself is worth it.

Is the "statute of limitations" applicable?

Complainants need to ensure they haven't run out of time to file the appropriate lawsuit.

Where will the case take place?

It is essential to consider that suing someone in another state is costly and inconvenient.

Is the claim small enough for "small claims" court?

The small claims court deals with claims up to $5,000 and can help decrease lawyer and court fees.

How Are Lawsuits Filed?

According to state law, filing a civil lawsuit in federal court starts with a plaintiff filing a complaint with the court. They then serve a copy to the defendant. This document states the damages or injuries caused by the defendant and how they occurred.

The plaintiff requests the judge to order relief and request monetary compensation for any damages incurred. They can also ask the court to order the defendant to stop the act responsible for causing harm. In addition, the court may also issue further relief, such as a declaration of the plaintiff's legal rights.

Where are Lawsuits Filed?

Different types of courts handle lawsuits based on jurisdiction.

  • Supreme court - This is the highest judicial body in the U.S. Its rulings are final and cannot be appealed to another court. Supreme courts handle Interstate lawsuits, be it in North Carolina, Alabama, Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, Kentucky, Michigan, Washington, D.C, or any other state.
  • Federal court - These courts usually handle Federal government lawsuits.
  • District court - Civil and criminal cases are filed in the district court. There is at least one judicial district for each state, and these courts usually handle local lawsuits.
  • Bankruptcy court - The jurisdiction of these courts corresponds with the jurisdiction of the United States district courts. These courts handle bankruptcy lawsuits involving individuals, corporations, and governments.

Where Are Lawsuit Records Found?

Most lawsuit court cases are a matter of public record. These are accessible online or by visiting the court Clerk's office in the Supreme Court where the filing or hearing of the court cases took place.

The public may view most lawsuit filings online through Public Access to Court Electronic Records. This platform allows anyone with an account to access records. The exception to this is where the court seals the said records.