Ohio Court Records Lookup
The following is for information purposes only
Ohio Court Records
What types of courts are in Ohio?
Ohio has three varying levels of court systems. These include the trial courts, the appellate courts, and the state's Supreme Court. The trial and appellate courts listen to the Supreme Court- they follow its rules and guidelines for how their cases should be handled. This makes the Supreme Court the highest level in the state.
There are six justices on the Supreme Court of Ohio. They also have a Chief Justice among them, making for seven total judges working on the court. These justices are elected by the public to serve for six year terms. The seats open rotationally, every two years, around the general election. This makes it more convenient for citizens to participate in the vote. The Court of Appeals consists of three judge panels.
Those three levels can be broken down even further. Among the trial courts you have the Municipal, County, and the Common Pleas Courts. Each of them has their own jurisdiction over certain cases, which we will be discussing in more detail below.
How are Ohio court cases managed?
Ohio takes the steps to make sure all litigants receive fairness, due process, and equal protection. They do this by using a case management system. This method allows the court's to give each case unique attention. The case management covers everything from the original filing, to a pretrial hearing, and beyond. Staff also ensure everyone has plenty of access to educational information, consulting, and other resources.
The judges of the courts oversee the legal processes. They need to interpret the laws and resolve conflicts fairly, according to the law. If a party feels their cases were handled unfairly, they can make an appeal to the state Supreme Court. Many cases the Supreme Court sees come from the Appeals Courts.
If you're looking for official court record documents from Ohio, you can easily find them online. The Official Ohio State Website offers a portal to access the court records you need.
Which trial courts are in Ohio?
The trial courts in Ohio consist of the following:
- Court of Common Pleas
- Court of Claims
- Mayor's Courts
- Municipal Courts
- County Courts
- Mayor's Courts
Court of Common Pleas
The Court of Common Pleas hears all civil cases. There is one of these courthouses in each of Ohio's 88 counties. The court has jurisdiction over four different types of cases:
- General Cases: Criminal and civil cases that involve more than $15,000. Also some appeals from state administrators.
- Domestic Relations Cases: Divorse, child support, child custody, and similar matters.
- Juvenile Cases: Any case where minors committed a crime. Also specific kinds of custody cases or paternity trials.
- Probate Cases: Cases that include the will's of the deceased. Includes trusts, property, adoption, guardianship, and estates as well.
Court of Claims
The Court of Claims is in place to hear cases made against the state of Ohio. These may include cases for money damages and other compensation cases. The court can also manage cases between citizens and the government.
Additionally, if you were to be denied your request for a public record, you can make an appeal to the court of Claim. They review the information and can possibly overturn the decisions, depending on the situation.
Most often, the Court of Claims has jurisdiction over the following types of cases:
- Medical malpractice suits
- Property damage
- Personal injury cases
- Employment discrimation
- Public records
- Other damages
Technically, these courts aren't part of the judicial system. They do not use juries and the mayor takes on the role of a judge. These courts usually handle traffic violations or other ordinances that have been violated. If convicted, you can appeal to the county or municipal courts.
The Municipal court can have jurisdiction over a county. They usually handle misdemeanors and traffic violations. Although, they can also handle DUI, evictions and tenant rights, claims for less than $15,000, or domestic violence cases.
The County court system overlaps with the Municipal Courts. If an area doesn't have one, it usually will have the other in place. They also may handle the pre-trials for felony cases, misdemeanors, and more.
What are the federal district courts in Ohio?
In Ohio, you can find two federal district courts. These include the Northern District of Ohio and the Southern District of Ohio. These courts hear cases that fall into federal law.
- Southern District: Has jurisdiction over 48 counties. There are courts in Columbus, Cincinnati, and Dayton.
- Northern District: Has jurisdiction over 40 counties. There are courts in Akron, Youngstown, Cleveland, and Toledo.
Their main purpose is to resolve many different types of federal disputes. They determine which party is in the right after looking over all of the facts. These courts always have jurisdiction over any case that involves the government in some way.
How to find electronic court records in Ohio?
You request court records online by visiting the courthouse's website. You will need to make sure that you go to the site of the courthouse where the case was originally filed. Online requests are convenient- you can use any device that has a good Wifi connection.
You can also find these documents in person, but many people today prefer to access them online. There are less fees to deal with and you can conveniently search for what you need from your home.
You will need to have some basic information from the case. For instance, you'll need to make sure you have the case name or number first. You can also visit the Ohio Court Records page for more information. If you need to know more, you can use the links below.
Where to find additional information about Ohio courts?
Ohio Courthouses & Sheriff's Offices
- Van Wert